List of Electric Vehicles at the 2018 Guangzhou Auto Show

List of Electric Vehicles at the 2018 Guangzhou Auto Show



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List of Electric Vehicles at the 2018 Guangzhou Auto Show

The sixteenth edition of the Guangzhou Auto Show kicked off on the 16th of November 2016. Guangzhou is home to established brands such as GAC, named after the city and start-ups such as Thunder Power. Apart from the Beijing and Shanghai Auto Shows, the Guangzhou Auto show is one of the top 3 auto shows in China. Every year the electric vehicle component gets bigger and bigger, and the show is used by many brands to launch new models for the next calendar year. I have compiled a list of most of the electric cars at this year’s event. For detailed specs and further images, please click on the images of the EV which will link through to the dedicated page of that specific vehicle. Want to look back to last years event and see how the market has improved? For a list of EVs at the Guangzhou Auto Show 2017 go here. In this report, I will not dwell on international EVs such as the I-Pace and BMW i8 Roadster which were all present at this year’s show but primarily focus on local Chinese brands.


BAIC BJEV launched the upgraded edition of the Arcfox Lite first introduced at the end of 2017. Although I expected a lot from the Arcfox Lite only around 580 units have been sold to date. The new Lite is now available in a multi-color design allowing buyers to choose the color of the roof and an increased range exceeding 300km / 188miles (NEDC). The 2019 Arcfox Lite is also more efficient than the earlier model and has a slighter larger electric motor giving it a bump in its top speed. The 40kW max power electric motor provides a torque of 140N.m and provides a top speed of 120km/h (75mph). The energy efficiency is 12.1 kWh/100km and the battery pack consists of a 143 Wh/kg NCM battery.


BAIC showed the production version of the BAIC BJEV EX5 EV SUV first introduced earlier the year in Beijing at this years Guangzhou Auto Show. The BAIC EX5 compact SUV is available January 2019 and has an NEDC range of 350km (219miles). The dynamically styled BAIC EX5 is equipped with a permanent magnet synchronous motor with a maximum power of 160 kW and an NCM lithium battery pack.


BAIC first introduced the 407 electric LDV at the Beijing Auto Show, this time around the BAIC 407 light electric delivery vehicle comes back as a production-ready model with a sufficient range of 200km for daily city deliveries. The 43kWh battery of the 407 can be fast charged to 80% in 50 minutes. The cargo space of the BAIC 407 EV LDV is 4.5 cubic meters (159 cubic feet). The drivetrain consists of a front and rear electric motor propelling the vehicle to a top speed of 80km/h (50mph).


BYD launched a 5 seat version of the best selling Tang DM 7-seater SUV. The BYD Tang DM 5-seater is available in two trims ranging in price from ¥254,900 to ¥274,900 after subsidies. The 5-seat Tang plug-in hybrid electric SUV has a 2.0T turbocharged petrol engine with a maximum power of 151kW and a peak torque of 320Nm. With the support of dual electric motors, the plug-in hybrid drivetrain has a maximum system power of more than 367kW and an acceleration time of only 4.5s from zero to 100km/h.


BYD officially unveiled the production version of the Song MAX DM MPV at this year’s event. The Song Max plug-in EV is based on the petrol version released late 2017. The Song MAX DM has a 1.5T turbocharged combustion engine and dual 110kW electric motors on the front and rear axels to deliver a maximum total system output of 333kW delivering a combined torque of 740Nm.


BYD unveiled a pure electric version of its best selling Tang plug-in SUV. The BYD Tang EV 500 is available for order at a post-subsidy price ranging from ¥260,000 to ¥360,000 depending on your configuration. The Tang EV500 is to be listed in December 2018 as a seven-seat SUV similar to the fuel version. The Tang EV has a range exceeding 500km (313miles) and can accelerate to 100km/h in 4.5 seconds


Changan opened its books for pre-orders of its new pure electric microcar, the Niou II EV. The Changan Niou II is available in three trims and priced after subsidy between ¥44,800 and ¥56,800. The Niou II A00 class EV has a length of 2770mm / 109.0 inches which can seat two people and travel 205km / 128 miles on the NEDC test cycle. The 21kWh battery can be fast charged to 80% in 30 minutes or fully charged in 8 hours using a 220V plug. The drivetrain of the Niou II EV consists of a 30kW max power electric motor and it can reach a top speed of 100km/h / 62mph.


Changan unveiled the Changan Eado ET pure electric hatch which is based on the fuel version the Eado XT. The Eado ET is equipped with a 53kWh battery providing a range of over 400km / 250 miles. The drivetrain consists of an electric motor with a maximum power output of 100kW / 134hp.


Dongfeng Yueda KIA showcased the KX3 EV SUV launched earlier this month. The KIA KX3 compact SUV is available in one trim only at an MSRP of ¥239,800 which is ¥147,300 after incentives. The KX3 EV is equipped with an electric motor which produces a maximum power of 81kW and has a battery electric range of 300km (188miles) on the NEDC cycle. From a design perspective, the KX3 is hardly different from the fuel version.


FAW officially unveiled the Besturn X40 EV SUV with a range of 310km (194mils) on the NEDC test cycle. Based on the fuel version the Besturn X40 EV is identified through the blue edge elements in the front grille, front surround, rims, and interior. The body size of the battery electric X40 has also slightly different dimensions than the fuel version. The electric motor of the X40 EV is permanent magnet synchro type producing a maximum power of 140kW and maximum torque of 320N·m reaching a top speed of 160km/h (100 mph). The energy efficiency of the X40 EV is 16.7. kW.h/100km and is equipped with a 52.5kWh NCM lithium battery.


The WEY P8 GT plug-in EV SUV unveiled at the Guangzhou Auto Show on the 16th of November 2018 is slightly larger than the WEY P8 PHEV. WEY have also changed the regenerative braking system on the WEY P8 GT from RBS to CRBS. The P8 GT is equipped with an IACC (Adaptive Cruise System that recognizes the current environment) system, a single-lane system, vehicle anti-collision warning system, and an emergency lane keeping system.


Great Wall Motor’s new EV brand ORA showcased the pure electric iQ5 SUV. The iQ5 EV is available in two trims ranging between ¥92,800 and ¥108,800 after subsidies. The high-end model received a range increase to 401km (251 miles) up from the initial 360km (225 miles). The first response to the iQ5 has been positive with nearly 1,500 sales in the first two months since its listing in September 2018.


The ORA brand of GWM plans to develop electric vehicles for its R and Q ranges based on its ME platform. The iQ above being the first and the R1 it’s second offering shortly after the launch of the brand in 2018. The release date for the ORA R1 is set for January 2019 with the company previously announcing the opening of pre-orders on the 16th of December. ORA set the post-subsidy price range for the ORA R1 at the Guangzhou Auto Show at ¥68,100 and ¥75,800 for the 310km and 350km versions. The ORA R1 is 10% lighter than its peers due to the use of modern lightweight materials, resulting in a curb weight of only 990kg allowing it to achieve ranges as far as 350km on a single charge. The ORA R1’s design is based on a long wheelbase and short body providing a large interior space.


GAC unveiled its latest EV the Aion S compact electric sedan at this year’s show. The GAC Aion S EV, first known as the A26  is available from May 2019 and promises an NEDC range of over 500km (313miles). The Aion S has a wheelbase of 2732mm (107.0 inches). The Aion S employes Advanced Driving Assistance in the form of TJA traffic assist, ICA cruise assist, and APA automatic parking assist depending on the trim.


Hozon New Energy launched its first electric vehicle at the 2018 Guangzhou Auto Show, the Neta 01. The Neta 01 is available in four trims namely the 380v, 380e, 380i and 380s. The manufacturers suggested retail price range between ¥126,800 to ¥136,800 which is ¥59,800 to ¥69,800 after national subsidies. The Neta 01 has a maximum power of 55kW and can accelerate from zero to 50km/h in just 4.9 seconds. The Neta 01 EV uses battery packs from CATL (35.5kWh) and Jiewei Power (36.21kWh) which provides a range of 302km (188 miles) on the NEDC cycle. The interior design is basic with a 10.1 LCD screen.

Hozon-eureka-01-ev | Hozon Neta 03 Ev

The Hozon Neta 03 is based on the Eureka 01 Concept EV and will be listed in the fourth quarter of 2019. Hozon bills the Neta 03 as a “boutique intelligent pure electric crossover SUV” due in part to its self-driving level of 2.5 according to the SAE scale. The Neta 03 has a battery electric driving range of over 400km (250 miles). The Neta 03 is dynamically styled and has a noticeable exaggerated front air intake. The cockpit layout is luxurious and centers around a 25-inch LCD screen and an 8-inch multi-function touchscreen. The AI drivers assistant is called “Little You”. The Advanced driving assistance offered by the Level 2.5 autonomous drive system includes 20 world-leading automatic driving systems such as APA one-button automatic parking, TJA traffic congestion assistance, AEB emergency braking, ACC full-speed adaptive cruise, etc. and is aided by 18 sensors and radars. A 4WD and 2WD version will be available with battery energy density of 160 and 180 Wh/kg, a maximum power of 200 and 250 kW and a maximum torque of 525 and 615 Nm. The 4WD model can accelerate to 100km in only 4.9s, while the two-drive version in 8.5 seconds.


Honda opened its books for pre-orders of its first EV in China, the Everus VE1 Sport EV which has an MSRP of ¥225,800 and sell for ¥168,800 after subsidies. The Honda VE1 Sport EV has an electric motor producing a maximum power of 120kW and can travel a distance of 340km (213miles) from its 54kWh battery pack. The Everus package includes a panoramic sunroof, LED headlights, rear camera, reversing radar, exterior mirrors with side turn signals and daytime running lights. The VE1’s rear taillight cover is blue to highlight its electric identity.


Han Teng officially unveiled the “Happiness” e+ EV at the 2018 Guangzhou Auto Show. The drivetrain of the e+ consist of a 42kW max power permanent magnet synchronous drive electric motor with a peak torque of 180N.m. The Han Teng e+ is available in two trims and a range of 300km. Unlike the Han Teng X5 and X7 which are reconfigured combustion vehicle, the Happiness e+ is the automakers first EV based on its electric platform.


Han Teng showcased the X5 EV which have sold around 1,300 units since it was first launched in May 2018. The Han Teng X5 compact electric SUV is available in two trims with an MSRP ranging between ¥189,800 and ¥199,800 and ¥109,800 to ¥119,800 after subsidy. The Han Teng X5 EV is based on the petrol version of the car but the appearance has a very obvious new energy style and is targeted at the younger buyer. The interior of the hexagonal grille features a dot matrix design with blue elements to accentuate its new energy characteristics. The interior of the EV adopts the same layout as the petrol version. The control area is decorated with wood-grain decorative panels, chrome trim strips and suspended LCD screens to enhance the overall feel of the vehicle. The drivetrain of the X5 EV consists of a permanent magnet synchronous motor with a maximum power of 95kW and a peak torque of 260Nm and a battery pack with a capacity of 129Ah.


The JMC New Energy sub-brand EVEasy unveiled its latest offering, the JMC E300 A0 class EV with an NEDC cycle range of 252km (158miles). The JMC E300 has a double waistline design and three color paintwork. The instrument panel uses a HUD display and the 8-inch central touchscreen displays other vehicle information.

luxgen u5 ev

The Taiwanese manufacturer unveiled its first compact electric SUV, the Luxgen Yulon U5 EV at the 2018 Guangzhou Auto Show. The Luxgen Yulon U5EV has an NEDC range of 320km (200miles) with energy consumption of 15.6 kWh/100km. The drivetrain of the U5 EV SUV consists of a 130kW electric motor propelling the compact SUV to a top speed of 150km/h (94mph).


NIO showed the NIO ES8 with six seat layout at this years Guangzhou Auto Show. The 6-seating NIO ES8 is available from the first half of 2019. Pre-orders for the NIO ES8 six-seater is open as the NIO ES8 founders-edition with a seven-seat configuration is sold out already. The difference between the two vehicles is mainly in the second row, which now seats only two, but maintain the Nappa leather styling. The ES8 is available in 7 body colors. The central control screen is divided into three layers. The leftmost page controls the window, door lock, and main and passenger driving functions. The middle page controls navigation, music and weather conditions. The rightmost page displays the vehicle status and Bluetooth. Connections, videos, etc. The Siri like NOMI system is activated in the same way, and by doing so, NOMI can decern between four voices and set the seating adjustment accordingly in the front and back.


Qoros first unveiled the Qoros 3 EV in 2016 with the intent to bring it to market in 2017 but due to financial issues and a changing of shareholders such plans were delayed. This week Qoros finally officially unveiled a production-ready model, the Qoros 3 EV500, and is based on the fuel version of the model, with a cruising range of 450km at a 60km/h constant speed. Qoros plans to launch between one and two electric vehicles per year from 2019.


Qiantu showcased the K50  pure electric sports car at the Guangzhou Auto Show. The K50 can accelerate to 100km/h in 4.6 sec and get 380km / 238mile out of its 79kWh NCM battery which equates to an energy consumption of 19.9kWh per 100km. The K50 production version is much longer than the concept introduced in 2016. The body is entirely made of a modern composite material, which consists of an all-aluminum frame and a carbon fiber shell and only weighs 234kg. The interior of the Qiantu K50 is equipped with 15.6-inch central control and floating LCD instrument panel. The car features a “V2V vehicle communication” system which connects with other Qiantu models in a specific range, allowing for Advanced Driving Assistance functionalities, such as front collision warning, emergency braking warning, traffic congestion warning, and lane change, etc.


VW and its Chinese JV partner SAIC launched the VW Passat 430 PHEV on the 31st of October 2018 and showcased it at this year’s event in Guangzhou. The Passat 430 plug-in model is available in two trims from an available nine including the fuel versions. The MSRP for the SAIC VW Passat 430 PHEV is between ¥249,900 and ¥259,900. The Passat 430 plug-in electric sedan has a total system output of 155kW and maximum torque of 400N.m allowing it to accelerate to 100km/h in 7.8 seconds. The Chinese version of the Passat GTE has a battery electric range of 63km (40miles)and extended range of 1043km (652miles).


SAIC MG unveiled the pure electric version of the MG ZS compact SUV. The MG ZS EV has a range of 428km (268 miles) on the NEDC test cycle and is equipped with a drive train powered by an electric motor with a maximum power of 110kW. From a design standpoint, the only noticeable differences from the combustion version are the letter “E” denoting its electric status and having a ground clearance of 4mm less than the ZS. Internally the most obvious difference is the knob shifting mode.


SAIC Showcased the Marvel X which have sold around 1200 units since its launch in August this year. The SAIC Roewe MARVEL X share design elements with the Roewe Vision-E Concept car and is available in an all-wheel and rear wheel drive version. The Marvel X AWD has three electric motors and accelerates to 100km/h in 4.6 seconds while the rear-wheel drive only in 7.9 seconds. The drivetrain of the Marvel X rear wheel drive is equipped with a dual motor providing a maximum power of 137kW and peak torque of 400N.m. The Marvel X AWD generates 222kW maximum power and delivers a peak torque of 665N·m.


The SAIC/GM JV officially launched its new micro EV the Baojun E200 at the 2018 Guangzhou Auto Show. The Baojun E200 EV is available in two trims with an MSRP range of ¥108,000 to ¥118,000 and a post-subsidy price range of ¥49,800 to ¥59,800. The Baojun E200’s predecessor was once the cheapest EV in China but the title now goes to the Changan Niou II listed above. The Baojun E200 is available in five body color schemes and provides ample storage with eleven different compartments.


FAW Toyota opened its books to pre-orders for the Toyota Corolla Twin Engine E+ plug-in electric car, or Levin PHEV as it is better known in North America. The Toyota Corolla PHEV is equipped with a 10kWh battery from Panasonic and delivers a range of 55km / 34 miles. The Toyota Corolla E+ with is combined fuel consumption of 1.3L/100km is available from March 2019.


Xpeng used the opportunity to showcase its much talked about G3 EV SUV in its home province. The Xpeng G3 EV SUV is available is currently on pre-order with the first delivery expected in December, the official listing is scheduled for the 12th of December. The Xpeng G3 is released in three versions with an MSRP range of ¥200,000 to ¥280,000. The design of the G3 includes a noticeable black canopy with oversized panoramic sun-roof. The interior is modern and luxurious, offering heated seating with six electronically adjustable settings for the driver and four on the passenger side. The G3 EV is packed with technology, and its Advanced Driving Assitance offers adaptive cruise control (ACC), lane centering assistance (LCS), adaptive cornering cruise (ATC), automatic speed limit adjustment, and automatic lane change assist to list a few. The intelligent vehicle system of the includes OTA upgrade and a 360-degree roof camera on the executive version.

zotye z500 ev

Zotye launched the Z500 Pro EV sedan in two models with an MSRP ranging between ¥199,900 and ¥211,900 with a post-subsidy price range of ¥113,900 to ¥125,900. Zotye gave the 2019 Z500 EV version a facelift and power upgrade. The Zotye Z500 EV has the latest matrix-design grill and a new style of rim. The interior of the Zoty Z500 sports a leather steering wheel and 12-inch LCD central control screen. The battery pack allows for an NEDC range of 330km/206miles and can fast charge within 30 minutes to 80% while operating in an environment of -30 ° C to 50 ° C.


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Western automakers should take note of new EV models from China

Western automakers should take note of new EV models from China

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China’s list of new EV models include some surprisingly good cars.

When thinking of Chinese cars, and electric cars, in particular, the most common reaction are that they are ugly deathtraps. Such assumptions might have been true in the past but the Chinese Government set a goal to dominate the EV sector, and results are starting to show. Chinese and international automakers are scrambling to ready themselves for the new requirements starting in 6 months when their sales should consist of 10% EVs after which it will increase to 12% by 2020. More stringent technical specifications to qualify for tax incentives also came into effect in April this year leading to a flurry of range improvements of existing and new models.

On May 22, 2018, China’s Ministry of Industry and Information Technology responsible for regulating the EV sector released its latest catalog of newly approved new energy vehicles, which includes buses, cars, and commercial vehicles. A total of 1987 models were entered in the latest batch of which 348 models were passenger cars consisting of 294 pure electric cars and 54 plug-in hybrids from brands such as BYD, SAIC, JAC, and Guangzhou Automobile. (The list should not be confused with the list the Ministry together with the State Administration of Taxation release to show which EVs are eligible for exemption of tax on vehicles and other state and provincial subsidies.) The catalog which is the 4th this year contains all variants of a model and upgrades to older models. The actual number of new EVs sofar in 2018 is just over seventy which I will list below.

Although there were the usual bunch of ugly ducklings, there seems to be a general trend of improved quality options to the consumer, which should cause concern for Western automakers. The handful of imports that formed part of the list included the usual suspects, being PHEV models from BMW, Audi, Ford, and Mercedes.

The quality and technical abilities of Chinese EVs are improving rapidly. The improvements in Chinese engineering capabilities can be ascribed to its increased exposure to western technical expertise through ownership of Western automakers, such as in the case of Geely owning Volvo or through R&D centers in Silicon Valley, Germany, and Italy such as NIO. New models released this year are packed with technology. The SAIC Roewe Marvel X will be the first mass-produced car equipped with AR (augmented reality) technology.


Chinese automakers are getting proficient at producing pure electric cars.

Chinese automakers are becoming quite proficient at developing battery electric vehicles (BEV), and the 2018 cohort of SUVs and sedans all have a range between 300km/188mi and 500km/313mi (NEDC). The plug-in hybrid models are also pushing 80km/50mi which in real terms is around 30 miles, equivalent to the best EVs from Western automakers. Significantly most of the EVs in the 2018 batch is available at or below $25,000 to the consumers after subsidies, with more than half priced at $10,000 or less.

Not only are new EVs pushing the envelope in quality, price, and range nearly al existing favorites received significant range upgrades at no increase in price as some EV models now enter their fourth generation. The 2018 A00 class models, the most popular market segment now all have a range between 200km/125mi and 300km/188mi, more than enough for city life.


Is the surge in new EV models going to last?

The surge in new EV models in the first half of 2018 is definitely not an anomaly, there are much more exciting EVs coming to market in the next couple of years. Last week Geely announced that it intends to bring 20 new electrified models to market by 2020, that’s less than 18 months away, meaning they will have to launch an EV each month. The Weima EX5 and EX6 and SiTech EV are some of the exciting new EVs that will enter the Chinese market later this year.

Chinese electric cars sold in the west.

The threat posed by China’s increased dominance of the EV sector is not limited to the local market but also to big auto in the West as some of these models and brands are destined for Western markets. Chery is in the process of creating an EV brand that will exclusively operate in Europe. NIO and Borgward will bring the NIO ES8 and Borgward BXi7 to Western markets while SF Motors is setting up shop in the USA to manufacture the SF5 and SF7 EV SUVs. SAIC is also bringing its MAXUS electric commercial vehicles to Europe from 2019 while Geely’s Lynk & Co is destinated to be an international brand.

Germany’s Federal Minister for Economic Affairs and Energy, Peter Altmaier, recently, lashed out at the local auto sector for their reluctance to commit to investing their efforts in EVs. Minister Altmaier warned the countries large automakers which include BMW, Daimler, and the VW Group that they will be left behind by international competitors. Altmaier demanded automakers to except that electric vehicles are the future and implement reforms to set the course for an environmentally-friendly future of mobility. This is not the first time that German politicians spoke out against their sector, in August 2017 (Top 5 EV News Week 33/2017) German Chancellor Angela Merkel said that she doubted if German automakers were sufficiently innovative enough to progress the electric vehicle technology. Altmaier stopped short though of calling for a ban on diesel vehicles. A recent ruling by German courts gave cities the right to introduce driving bans on diesel vehicles. Judging from China’s latest approved new energy vehicles, it seems that the politicians for one are right.

China’s 2018 batch of new EVs in the diagram is listed below. Just click on the link to get the full specs. Remember you can purchase an annual subscription granting access to my full online database of monthly Chinese new EV batches, vehicles qualifying for tax subsidies and Chinese EV sales. Contact me here for more details of this unique service.





Beijing Hyundai-elantra yuedong-ev










changan ford mondeo energi phev






dongfeng fengshen e70
























saic mg 6 phev


volvo-s90-t8 phev












chery-karry-k60-ev suv pictures


gac-trumpchi gs4-ev












wey p8 phev







Sol-e20x SUV-Ev-







JMC E500





















changhe big dipper-E-MPV




chery-karry-k50-ev mpv pictures










Geely VP11 PHEV














changan star-d3


















Youngman Mate i3


youngman-mate e7




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Which is the best small EV in China? We Rank the top small electric cars.

Which is the best small EV in China? We Rank the top small electric cars.

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The small electric car segment was the best performing class in the Chinese EV market in 2017, accounting for nearly 50% of all EV sales. The Chinese consumer is spoiled for choice when it comes to selecting which small electric car to buy for city use. In 2017 there were 20 A0 class EVs to select from. Consumers in 2018 are in for a treat as many of these models are to get battery upgrades providing electric ranges up to 320km (200 miles). Take into account though that this is not real world distances as most Chinese manufacturers like to quote a range at a constant speed of 60km/h.

Automakers target the youth and ride sharing markets with the A0 class EVs, presenting the EVs in bright colors and selling them through mobile platforms and hip Tesla like showrooms.


The top-performing EV in 2017 was BAICs EC180, which set a couple of EV firsts such as having the most sales for a single model in a particular month. The BAIC EV180 extended its run into 2018 and is updated to the EC220 with a range of over 200km / 126 miles. It is fascinating to see brands such as Kandi which paved the way for the A0 class segment failed to capitalize on its commanding position going into 2017. 2017 saw some auto brands entering the A0 class with one or two models. BAIC’s overall lead in the Chinese EV sector and the world for that matter is tied completely to the success of the BAIC EC series, which contribute 55% of the companies total EV sales from 6 models. BAIC’s other A0 EV, the Arcfox Lite has failed to live up to its expectations. The Arcfox Lite represents a new bread of small EVs which is packed with technology and gadgets for the younger generation.


Which is the best small EV in 2018?

So which small EV will give the BAIC EC series a run for its money in 2018? The BAIC EC180, now the EC220, is still the best performing EV for the first four months of 2018 but has not been able to breach the 10,000 mark per month which it so easily did in 2017. A couple of models recently received significant upgrades in their performances, one of which is the JAC iEV6E sports edition which now boasts a range of over 300km or nearly 200 miles. You can buy the JAC iEV6E for much less than the BAIC EC220 and get a much better range for your buck making the iEV6E a car to watch in 2018.

Kandi is not the only top performer of 2016 and 2017 that is failing in the segment where it once ruled. The ZhiDou D2 was the second best seller in 2017 but is now slipping down the rankings as it fails to keep pace with the improved ranges and luxuries of the new entrants. Zotye, which partnered with Ford to produce EVs, has also lost market share as its small EVs also fail to keep pace. It seems though that Changan has learned a thing or two making the Benni EV another contender. The Benni EV which has been around since 2016 received a range upgrade early this year and now leads the class with an electric range of 316km / 198 miles. The Changan Benni also does not cost much more than the JAC iEV6E and far less than the BAIC EC180.


Safety is a factor for Chinese EV brands.

When talking about Chinese EVs detractors, the first avenue of attack is claiming that Chinese EVs are inferior when it come’s safety standards. This might have been true in years past, but the Chinese automakers are trying hard to lose the label. JAC created a safety technology brand this month called AN+, aiming to produce vehicle technology which will eradicate fatalities by 2025. Below are pictures of one of the cheapest EVs, the SAIC Baojun E100 taking an Audi Q7 head-on and coming out to bad with the driver not sustaining serious injuries. The Baojun E100 cost below $5,000 after subsidies in certain cities.


New small EVs to expect in 2018.

You might incorrectly think wattEV2buy is a Chinese focused website, I just like to write about EVs in general and wish I could write a blog post like this on small EVs by the large auto manufacturers in the West. Unfortunately, all the action is in China, leaving me no choice but to research this exciting market. 2018 will see an explosion of EV models in China from some new and old auto brands. The trend is also to pack the cars with technology, take the Sitech DEV1 for instance. The DEV1 was showcased at the 2018 Beijing Auto Show and will be the A0 class EV with the longest range when its released later this year. DEV stands for DATA ELECTRIC VEHICLE. The DEV1 has two LCD screens, an 8-inch instrument panel and 10-inch touchscreen for the multimedia system. The DEV1 uses SiTech’s D-OS operating system which includes face recognition for entering and operating the vehicle. The SiTech DEV1 is targeted as a ride-sharing and was developed with the help of Beijing Mobike, a bike sharing company.

Other new models include two small EVs from the neighborhood EV manufacturer YGM. YGM has been manufacturing NEVs since 2009 and now shifted to producing highway capable mini vehicles.


SiTech DEV 1, YGM E-Cheng, YGM E-Line

Ranking the top small electric car to price and range.

I have listed the small EVs in China according to range and price below. Decide for yourself which EV should take the crown in 2018 and share your thoughts and reasoning in the comment section below.


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EVs – Moving beyond Tesla | How the auto sector responds to Tesla

EVs – Moving beyond Tesla | How the auto sector responds to Tesla

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I have been asked by the organizers of the Africa Utility Week to provide insight into the international EV landscape. Let me start off to say the title does not imply that the presentation is anti-Tesla, so hold your horses if you are short of Tesla stock. The presentation aims to look at how the rest of the market is adapting to the disruption brought on by Tesla shifting the transition to sustainable transport forward by a decade.

For the presentation when referring to electric vehicles, I only refer to pure electric cars (EVs or BEVs), not plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs). Buying a PHEV can be compared to a smoker switching to menthol cigarettes thinking he is cutting down. In April the WHO released figures that show by living in a city you are exposed to the same amount of pollutants as a smoker smoking three packets of cigarettes a day, much of which comes from inhaling gasses from combustion vehicles. Plug-in hybrid electric cars make no sense, you buy a luxury vehicle and throw in a fuel tank of a Hyundai i10 to make space for the battery, and get the electric range that is half that of an electric Mahindra Rickshaw. You also pay more to have two technologies and increase your service cost. We know that an EV has a useful life of 500,000 miles and a combustion vehicle only around 100,000 miles. Again, it makes no sense to buy a car with the ability to last you a lifetime and then shortening it and paying more to do so. Plug-in hybrids are just a get out of jail card for auto brands that try and play catch-up with Tesla. Okay, I will get off my soapbox, but I am not the only one. From April this year, the Chinese Government is phasing out incentives for plug-in hybrids with a range below 150km (94 miles) and the British Government is said to ban the sale of PHEVs from 2040. Inevitably when we now talk about EVs we also include autonomous-electric vehicles, thus for the presentation, one will mean the other.



At the start of the decade, it would have cost you a pretty penny to buy an EV with a range of over 200 miles. We can see from the picture below that from 2010 when a Tesla Roadster cost $110,000 to the BYD e6 in 2015 the price for a 200-mile car halved. VW will release its I.D. NEO EV in 2020 and have indicated that it would cost between $25k and $30k. It is also expected that the I.D.NEO will have a range of at least 250 miles. It can be assumed that governments will stop with EV subsidies by 2020

Most pundits have been saying that EVs will only be a factor once they reach price parity with internal combustion vehicles (ICE) and that this point will only be achieved somewhere between 2022 and 2025. For the point of argument let’s set the affordable ICE car as a 2018 Volkswagen Golf SE 1.8L TSI with a starting price of $25,000, excluding charges, and a range of 319 miles in the city. Even though VW will price the NEO EV higher than an ICE car, when in fact it is cheaper to manufacture, owning the NEO in 2020 will be cheaper when comparing total cost of ownership. The EV landscape is fast changing and arguments of 2016 does not hold anymore as technology improvements and bigger investments in new EV capacity bring down cost faster than forecasted.



From 2008 to 2010 most auto manufacturers dabbled with electric cars and had developed an electric propelled prototype or concept car. Industry executives however decided against changing to a new propulsion form for financial reasons and continued to dish up dirty ICE vehicles to the consumer. Between 2010 and 2016 no real improvements were made in range and price. Dieselgate and the Paris climate pact forced the industry to take notice of the progress Tesla made. Porche‘s CEO even admitted last year that Tesla is taking potential clients away from it. The picture below shows the range of new models launched in each year between 2010 and 2020. The threat of the Tesla Model 3, the first mid-size mass produced EV sparked GM to develop the Chevrolet Bolt and release it ahead of the Model 3, they, however, neglected the mass produced bit and kept production at only 30,000 units annually. Most auto brands now have an e-mobility strategy in one form or the other. Some, are making a real effort while others still choose to live with blinkers on. Companies such as VW are investing substantially to shift towards electrifying their fleet. Unfortunately for the consumer, these efforts will only equate in more choice by 2020, making the Model 3 the only available volume solution in the mid-size range. Sure, Hyundai and KIA will also release an updated Ioniq, Kona SUV, and Niro SUV but their production volumes remain limited. Hyundai has a production target of 48,000 units of the Ioniq BEV for 2018 with half earmarked for the local market in Korea. Tesla is to unveil the MODEL Y this year so don’t be surprised if the bar is lifted yet again, offering a better range that targeted by the “new” entrants, being the old guard auto manufacturers.


Citroen C-Zero, Smart ED, Nissan Leaf, Renault ZOE, KIA Soul, VW e-Golf, Nissan Leaf 2016, Chevrolet Bolt, Tesla Model 3 and VW ID NEO


Disappointingly no EVs are yet available at an outright price below $20,000, which is in stark contrast with the EV market in China. It is strange however that auto manufacturers in the West can’t sell vehicles such as the Renault ZOE and Mitsubishi iMiev with what we now can call antiquated EV technology, below $20,000.

With the exception of the Renault Twizy microcar, the Smart ForTwo ED is the only EV with a price below $20,000 but only after utilizing the $7,500 US government incentive. Although the Smart EVs real-world range is limited to 58mi / 94km, it is available from 2018 with a 22kW onboard charger allowing it to charge in an hour, making it ideal for city use. Unfortunately, if you want to buy the Smart ForTwo ED be prepared for to wait. Some recent buyers reported waiting periods of up to 12 months. There are some electric car options in the $20,000 to $25,000 range (after subsidies), including the Nissan Leaf and Hyundai Ioniq with real-world ranges of 150mi and 124mi respectively.


The Smart ForTwo Coupe and Cabriole, Ford Focus, Mitsubishi iMiev, Renault ZOE, VW e-UP!, Hyundai Ioniq, Nissan Leaf, KIA Soul EV, VW e-Golf


China has the biggest range of EVs available to consumers, with a large selection of electric cars below $20,000. You can now buy the SAIC-GM BAOJUN E100 for as little as $5,000 (after subsidies). In 2018 most of the cars in the A0 class will get range upgrades to around 260km / 160 miles, granted its measured on the NEDC cycle and not real world miles. Be aware, Chinese manufacturers love to quote the range their cars can achieve at a constant speed of 38mph / 60km/h, which will always be significantly more than real-world results. The SiTech DEV1, expected later in 2018 has a range of over 320km / 200 miles and is packed with technology. In April WEIMA introduced the first EV SUV with a price tag below $20,000, the WEIMA EX5.  Again, you have to ask yourself why China can produce EVs below $20,000, before government incentives, and not the best automakers in the West? The Chinese Government has embarked on an aggressive EV strategy in its 12th five-year plan from 2011 to 2015, followed by the 13th 5-year plan which targets self-driving. The 12th 5-year plan had a budget of RMB 100 billion ($14.4 Billion) which included the promotion of EVs through subsidies, development of a charging network, and manufacturing incentives. Chinese EV regulations are now moving from a carrot to a stick strategy, where manufacturers are forced through regulation to produce more EVs with better technologies. Chinese EV incentives will run out by 2020. The advantage that the Chinese EV sector is gaining makes it a threat to Western auto brands.


Changan Benni Mini, Hawtai Lusheng EV160, Haima EV160, Zotye TT11, Zotye Cloud 100, Dongfeng SKIO ER30, ZhiDou D3, JAV iEV6e, Zotye ZhiMa E30, Yulon EV, Sokon Ruichi EC35, and Changan Benni.


SUVs and Crossovers are the best performing class for most auto brands, proved by Ford‘s shift out of sedan cars to focus its business on developing SUVs, Crossovers and Pick-up Trucks. It is both surprising and telling then why there are so few EV models in the economy SUV class. The South Korean sister companies Hyundai and KIA saw this gap and is launching the Hyundai Kona and KIA Niro EVs this year. Sales will start Korea in the second half of 2018 and slowly move from there into other markets. Hyundai will only produce 18,600 Kona EVs, and 21,000 Niro EVs in 2018 and most are for the local market. The lack of economy class SUVs is telling of how unprepared all automakers were to invest in EV production capacity.



Again, the picture is completely the opposite in China, where consumers in 2018 are spoiled for choice in the economy SUV class. Start-up EV brand WEIMA launched the EX5 with three range options five days before the 2018 Beijing Auto Show. By the time the show got underway, WEIMA had already over 5,000 pre-orders. WEIMA shocked the market by setting the price for WEIMA EX5 300 below $20,000 after subsidies. Not only does the Chinese car buyer have a wide selection of SUVs to choose from, many of them are packed with great technology. The Marvel X build on the Roewe connected car line-up first introduced in the RX5 SUV and co-developed with Alibaba. The SAIC Roewe Marvel X is the first mass-produced car equipped with AR (augmented reality) technology while the Xpeng G3 has a 360° roof-mounted camera, allowing the driver to stream video of its surroundings to friends on the net. The EV start-up Xpeng unveiled the G3 at the 2018 CES in Las Vegas.




As expected it is in the luxury SUV class with the highest profit margins that we find the old guard’s strongest response to Tesla. Volvo already announced that it would only produce electrified vehicles in the future. According to Volvo European regulation will potentially add as much as $340 per engine from 2020, diesel engines would therefore just be too expensive to produce. Mercedes also announced that targets by the EU capping the amount of emissions on a brands fleet would cause a lot of pain. In 2016 Daimler for the first time since 2007 failed to cut its emissions, citing the popularity of SUVs as the reason. Europe has set a very stringent target of 95gm CO2/km by 2020. Daimler’s target for 2020 is 100gm CO2. Daimler is one of the automakers that has an above average e-mobility strategy which it accelerated from 2025 to 2022. Waymo recently placed a $2 billion order for 20,000 of the just-released Jaguar i-PACE SUV EVs for its autonomous taxi fleet. Waymo is shifting towards electrified cars for its proposed autonomous taxi fleet because EVs offer a lifespan five times longer than ICE cars. Interestingly enough most Chinese luxury SUV brands are also planning to bring their models to the West. SF Motors and Faraday Future has plans for production in the USA while all of them have research offices in the US or Europe.




The list of luxury SUVs coming to the Chinese market in 2018/ 2019 fully comprises of cars developed by EV start-ups, none by traditional auto manufacturers. Most of the start-ups are also backed by the large tech companies in China which are investing heavily in autonomous technology. The NIO ES8 will be released this year, and apart from having removal batteries and access to mobile charging vans the car is packed to the brim with tech. NIO, a NEXTEV company, part-owned by Tencent has developed the NOMI system.

NOMI interacts with people sitting in the vehicle, and its emotion engine gives users a friend on the road. NOMI combines the ES8’s intelligence and car connectivity functionalities to turn the ES8 into a fun, expressive, and intuitive companion that can listen, talk and help drivers along the way.

NIO also launched NIO Pilot, its comprehensive advanced driver assistance system. NIO PILOT is enabled by 23 sensors, including a trifocal front-facing camera, four surround exterior cameras, five millimeter-wave radars, 12 ultrasonic sensors and a driver monitor camera. The ES8 is the world’s first vehicle to come equipped with the Mobileye EyeQ4, which has a computation capacity nine-times more powerful than its predecessors. NIO PILOT’s software and hardware suite enable subscribers to enjoy upgraded services through FOTA updates.




New EV start-ups are attracting large investments, allowing them to build dedicated EV manufacturing plants. At some point, the Chinese Government tried to restrict the number of EV start-ups out of a fear of overheating the sector. Not all start-ups plan to build 100,000 capacity production plants, some such as Rimac and Elextra only produces limited runs of supercars. In the West, most EV start-ups were created targeting some niche market. The US-based Bollinger is building Sports Utility Vehicles, while Workhorse has partnered with UPS to build electrified delivery vehicles. Thor competes with the Tesla Semi in the electrified truck space. Sono Motors is developing an EV equipped with solar panels for charging. There are also some Chinese backed EV start-ups in the West such as NEVS which is the old SAAB, SF Motors, Karma and Lucid. Some brands such as EQ and Polestar is EV specific brands created by Daimler and Volvo, which will cannibalize their existing brands. The most peculiar entrant on the list is Dyson, the maker of vacuum cleaners, which is proof yet again that it’s not rocket science to build an EV as its far less intensive than combustion engines. Dyson is capitalizing on its mass-production expertise in the home appliance sector to mass produce EVs from 2020. I added Waymo to the list, and although it does not manufacture vehicles, it plays an important role in A-EVs and e-mobility as a service, towards which many manufacturers are pivoting.




The list of EV start-ups in China is not exhaustive, a company such as Youxia, which is fashioned on the Knight Riders KITT, is not on it. The number of EV start-ups in China makes one wonder if the Chinese Government was successful in curbing the activity in the market. Tech companies are dominating the Chinese A-EV landscape while some traditional auto manufacturers such as BIAC are announcing that it will only produce electrified models in the future. Other than in the West where EV start-ups are focused on niche opportunities their counterparts in China directly target traditional auto manufacturers. Some commentators believe that EVs would trigger a long-awaited industry shake-up forcing mergers with stronger brands or liquidation of loss-making brands which have been propped up by easy loans, government incentives, and regulations to develop a local auto sector.




EV sales in 2017 cemented to shift to EVs. While sales are not huge it still comprises over 2% of the total fleet of passenger vehicles in the USA and China. The composition of EVs in Norway now stands at over 50% of annual car sales. Stand-out points from 2017 EV sales is the Chinese EV sectors dominance, sparked by government support and secondly, how car buyers in certain countries such as Germany and Canada are shifting towards EVs. One must remember that although these figures don’t look significantly high on the face of it, it is happening in an environment where there are constraints such as a lack of supply, high prices for EVs and no big marketing budgets fueling demand. In fact, there is a general lack of knowledge by the majority of consumers about EVs. Many studies have highlighted the inability and unwillingness of traditional motor dealerships to promote electric vehicles. The Sierra Club’s  Rev Up EVs report on the consumers EV purchase experience identified that traditional dealers, especially outside of California are not promoting the technology. One of the key findings was that automakers still provided higher commission structures for gas guzzlers.



The ranking below is for pure electric vehicles only. Interestingly enough should we include PHEVs in the ranking they will only account for 26% of the total top 10 EV sales. The ten models in top EVs contribute over 50% of all EV sales in 2017 from 102 models available to the consumer. Tesla’s dominance in the EV market is clear when ranking the top 10 EVs and its closest competitor in the US, GM, performance is capped at its production capacity. Technically the BMW i3 should not be placed in the tenth position in 2018 as the sales represent the total for the BMW i3 and BMW i3REx which has a fuel based generator. The first three months of the year is historically the worst months for EV sales, yet sales for Q1 2018 is already 38% up on 2017.




BAIC and Tesla are the best performing EV brands over the last 15 months, each having sold 124,000 units over the period. BAICs lead is dependent though on the performance of the BAIC EC180 which sold 98,000 units compared to Tesla’s models contributing nearly equally to its success.



I can only expect EV sales to surprise to the upside as we get closer to 2020 and beyond. Some of the most optimistic forecasts only see EV sales to reach 6 million units by 2024, while battery capacity in 2020 will be sufficient to power 6.5 million vehicles, assuming an average battery pack of 50kWh. Sure, the batteries are also used for buses and trucks which use much larger packs, but the bulk of passenger cars sold is from the A0 class which uses battery packs of around 30kWh, and don’t forget the PHEVs which use 12kWh at best. My exposure to EVs puts me in contact with buyers and potential buyers of EVs on a daily basis, from which my subjective experience is that the nature of EV buyer has shifted from the fanatical to the average car buyer over the last 18 months.

According to a survey by the German publication “Automobilwoche”, the success of electric cars in Germany seems to be the technologies biggest risk as prospective buyers now face delivery times that can have them waiting as long as a year for their new EV. The problem is not isolated to buyers of imported vehicles only but also local brands such as Volkswagen where buyers have to wait until October 2018 for delivery of e new e-Golf purchased today. Smart CEO Annette Winkler said that the increase in demand is much stronger and faster than could have expected and planned for with the companies suppliers, resulting in buyers only receiving their new Smart by the end of 2018 or early 2019.

To compensate for the increased demand, Volkswagen has introduced a second shift at its Dresden plant as e-up! buyers wait for five to six months. According to the survey, the waiting period for a Hyundai Ioniq EV is up to 12 months, the 2018 Nissan Leaf is around ten months, and six to seven months for the Peugeot ION and Kia Soul EV. Renault Zoe buyers only have to wait four months while the waiting list for a BMW i3 is the shortest at two to three months. The problem is not isolated to private buyers, but fleet buyers are also affected. The software giant SAP wants to be carbon neutral in 2025 and is currently expanding its e-fleet. SAP manager Marcus Wagner told “Automobilwoche”: “If you want to buy a full electric in February 2018, you will get almost none.” It seems to me the problem is not isolated to buyers who placed pre-orders for new EVs like the Tesla Model 3.

The Chinese Government is to implement a pilot program on the resort island of Hainan and use the island as a test case by being the first to ban the sale of fossil-fuel vehicles.



In my opinion, EVs represent progress, and if you don’t have an EV strategy, you will not progress. Your economy will fall behind the rest of the world, you will lose skilled people and your economy will suffer from the strains associated with pollution caused by ICE vehicles and importing of energy. Unfortunately, the cost of preparing for EVs and A-EV is very high and most emerging economies grapple with a host of challenging social issues which will only get bigger as the rest of the world moves forward leaving them behind. Unfortunately, ignorance is bliss and governments of some developing states are not even aware that EVs are a factor to consider. I am going to use the City of Cape Town as an example of the lack of unpreparedness. The city is known as the ‘greenest’ city on the African continent, but there is only one charging station at the Waterfront, not including three at dealerships. The city does not even support small businesses that offer electric bicycles to tourists. These companies have to install their own infrastructure throughout the city. Sorry, I am on my soapbox again. In all seriousness, I do see that the shift to EVs is going to be faster than anticipated and as we have seen so far will even catch traditional automakers by surprise causing them to dump ICE vehicles on the developing world. Dumping has already started, smart from 2017 is only selling EVs in the USA and from 2020 will do the same in Europe, leaving them to effectively dump their ICE capacity on the rest of the market.



A-EVs will truly transform cities into smart cities. One should also not forget that EVs does not merely mean passenger cars but all types of transport that can be electrified, from delivery vehicles to buses and even bicycles. Traditionally city planners can only count on bicycles as a transport solution for commuters in a ten kilometer (6 miles) radius from their homes. With the availability of electric bicycles, it’s application can be extended for longer daily commutes. The following sentence has represented my view on electric vehicles from the first time that I had the pleasure of driving one.

“At wattEV2Buy we live for a future where the Electric Vehicle rule and rush hour noise would be the sound of happy people talking and birds singing.”

– To prove our point, listen to the birds on the launch video of the Aston Martin RapidE

Back to reality. I don’t think anyone can do justice to the topic of the disruption we are about to experience the way Tony Seba does. I, therefore, implore you to watch his recent presentation on Clean Disruption of Energy and Transportation. Tony brings the relevance of A-EVs to city planners together in the last 10 minutes, but the first 60 will not leave you bored at all.


In conclusion, it is clear that the world is on the cusp of a major disruption in the transport sector. This presentation did not even address the electrification of the commercial vehicle market or public transport. Not a day goes by that you don’t read of a company announcing bus orders by cities all over the world. We are certainly in for some exciting times. One thing is for certain; the auto sector will not be the same ten years from now where consumers will be the real winners for which we only have Tesla to thank.

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Chinese buyers spoilt for choice as new mid-level EVs offer 400km range

Chinese buyers spoilt for choice as new mid-level EVs offer 400km range

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If you were out shopping for an electric sedan or SUV with a range of over 400km (250 miles) at the start of 2017, your options were slim and limited to either a Tesla Model S, Model X or BYD e6. The Tesla’s will set you back anything north of $75,000 and the BYD e6 costs around $47,000 if converted to the US currency.

The EV landscape has changed from 2017 for the average consumer, that is if you are living in China where some mass-market sedans and SUVs with a range of 250 miles (400km) are now available. The Chinese EV market is in stark contrast to the West where the only mass-market mid-level EV with an equivalent range is the Tesla Model 3, but if you did not place a pre-order 18 months ago, you have to settle for the Chevrolet Bolt hatch with a 238-mile range which is also in limited supply. In fairness, though it’s important to qualify that the range quoted for the Chinese models is not real world tested and that it can be expected to be closer to 200 miles (320km).

Strong government support and incentives targeted at improving technology are the reasons behind the deluge of long-range mass-market sedans and SUVs available to the Chinese consumer. New guidelines for electric vehicles to qualify for the aggressive subsidies offered by Chinese Government favors EVs with an energy density of 140 Wh/kg and more, while EVs with a range of less than 150km are excluded from the list of vehicles qualifying for subsidies. For an EV to qualify for any incentives it needs to employ a battery pack with an energy density of no less than 115 Wh/kg. Buyers normally get state, province, city and manufacturers incentives which can lead to reductions in the selling price of up to 50% in some cases. Let’s look at some of the long range EV models entering the Chinese market.

BYD launches 3 EVs with a range of 400km/250miles

BYD, the leading EV manufacturer has dominated the Chinese EV space for some time now but focused predominantly on the plug-in hybrid section of the market. On the eve of the Chinese New Year, BYD launched three electric mid-sized cars with a range of 400km utilizing its 3rd generation EV technology with improved mileage, battery safety, and charging efficiency. The models are the BYD e5 EV450, BYD Qin EV450, and the BYD Song EV400 SUV. The first BYD e6 with a range of 400km was launched in 2015, but its 82kWh battery weighed 700kg compared to the 61kWh batteries of the new models weighing only 444kg with an energy density of 140.97Wh/kg.

BYD launches 3 EVs with a range of 400km/250miles

The cruising range (measured at a speed of 60km/h) for the BYD e5 450 and Qin EV 450 life is over 480 km (300 miles) while the Song EV 400 SUV travels 400 km (250miles) removing range anxiety for daily commuting and weekend travel. The BYD battery pack is equipped with a seven-fold protection system and charging efficiency is based on the latest battery intelligent temperature control management system with five-star safety standards. The maximum charging capacity is increased from 40kW to 60kW allowing for much faster re-charging. Also, BYD upgraded the technology in the vehicles to be more connected by adding a cloud service and 4G capability on the existing system which provide online navigation, audio and video, entertainment, and traffic updates. The BYD Song EV400 will set you back around $41,000 before subsidies and $30,000 with incentives. The BYD Qin EV450 is $38,000 and $24,000 before and after subsidies while the BYD e5 will only set you back  $35,000 and $20,000 with subsidies. For detailed specs follow the link. BYD has sold more than 65,000 units of the previous generation of these three models, with the BYD e5 being the most popular with around 45,000 units sold. With the improved range and performance, it is expected that these three models will lead to a significant increase in BYD sales. BYD is also launching a new small crossover SUV based on the Yuan SUV and an updated BYD Tang plug-in hybrid large SUV.

Geely keeps BYD on its toes

Geely also launched a longer range version of its popular Geely Emgrand EV this month. The Geely Emgrand EV450 with a range more than 400km. The Geely Emgrand EV450 is equipped with a 58kWh battery with an energy density of 142.07Wh/kg produced by CATL. The Geely Emgrand sales are just short of that of the BYD e5 and based on some of the reviews I have read seen to be a better option than the BYD e5 despite being slightly more expensive.

It is sad to say that these more affordable EVs will not be available in the Western hemisphere.



More automakers used the Beijing Auto Show which started on the 25th of April 2018 to launch their 400km range EVs.

The BAIC EU5 squeezes the most out of its battery

BAIC unveiled the EU5 (EU450) EV at the Beijing Auto Show. The BAIC EU5 now boast with the most energy dense battery of all the sedan EVs available in China. The energy density of the EU5 is an impressive 150Wh/kg allowing it to squeeze 416km(260miles) out of a 54kWh Ternary Lithium Battery. The use of a battery with an energy density above 140Wh/kg allows BAIC the maximum subsidy on the EU5 which is available at ¥129,900 after incentives for the base model which is around $20,000.


Changan joins the 250-mile club

The Changan EADO is the Chinese automakers top-selling EV so not be left behind the pack Changan launched the Eado EV460 at the Beijing Auto Show. The new Changan Eado EV’s battery performance is close to that of the BAIC EU5, and it achieves an NEDC range of 405km from its 53kWh battery pack.

JAC misleads but stills makes it

JAc-iev-adJAC claims in its ad a 500km range for the JAC iEV50, but like most Chinese automakers they use a working conditions range, meaning the distance the vehicle can travel at a constant speed of 60km/h (38mph). The NEDC range for the JAC iEV50 is 404km (252miles) which in the real world is around 350km. Nevertheless, since we use an NEDC comparison here, the JAC iEV50 makes the cut, although being on the heavy side with its 130Wh/kg 60kWh battery weighing the iEV50 in at nearly 2 ton.



Weima breaks the bank

Weima open pre-sales for the Weima EX5 on the 20th of April 2018, five days before the Beijing Auto Show. During the official launch ceremony, Weima announced that it pre-sold 5,134 units in just five days. Weima surprised the market by introducing the Weima EX5 at a ridiculously low subsidy price of ¥99,000. The Weima EX5 is available in three trims with different ranges (at a constant speed of 60km/h):

  • EX300 – 380km/238mi
  • EX400 – 500km/312mi
  • EX500 – 600km/375mi

Weima also brought the EX5 Pro version in two trims, the EX5Pro 300 and EX5Pro 400.

The smartest kid on the block

The final EV in our list of electric cars with a 400km plus range is the SAIC Roewe Marvel X introduced at this years Bejing Auto Show. The Marvel X build on the Roewe connected car line-up first introduced in the RX5 SUV and co-developed with Alibaba. The production version is 90% of the concept car. The Roewe MARVEL X is built with an exclusive electric vehicle architecture and is equipped with an i-Drive intelligent all-wheel-drive system. The Marvel X accelerates to 100km/h in less than 4 seconds and is the first mass-produced car equipped with AR (augmented reality) technology. Pre-sales will start in June with the first delivery expected in September 2018.

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Is India’s 2030 EV plan achievable?

Is India’s 2030 EV plan achievable?

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India’s plan for EVs by 2030.

Thus far, Electric vehicles (EVs) have not seen a great deal of success in India, but thanks to some careful research and planning, some in the Indian government hope to see broad changes in coming years. The overall goal it seems is to make India a 100% EV country by the year 2030. This journey may be one of the most ambitious conversions the world has ever seen when it comes to the automobile.

The Narendra Modi government has a vision, and that vision includes bringing as much renewable energy to India as possible, and this includes making a move towards having the roadways filled with nothing but EVs by the year 2030. If they can accomplish this, it will be a feat well worth noting worldwide as this is one that is not going to be simple to achieve as it will not only take motivation from the government to accomplish but also from the general public.

While it is not likely that the country will be able to completely remove all gasoline powered automobiles from the roadways by 2030 and replace them with electric vehicles entirely, it is a goal worth working towards as plans are unrolled to cut the number of emissions released into the atmosphere, thus cutting air pollution as well as a large price for oil. As countries including China have seen a surplus of EVs, India is working to surpass others by becoming a leader in the EV market.

Nitin Gadkari, India’s road transport minister, told the automobile manufacturers that whether they liked it or not, he was going to progress the country forward to possible replacement fuels to help cut emissions. This is in part due to India signing in agreement with the Paris Climate Agreement to bring their portions of global emissions down considerably by the year 2030.

Is this goal to cut emissions by switching over to EVs only on the roadways by 2030 a feasible situation? At best, it will be difficult considering there are more than 20 million motor vehicles sold each year to more than 1 billion people in India. Again, to achieve this, it is going to take a considerable amount of cooperation and work between the government as well as the public and private business sectors of the country.

In 2017, the government has issued a tender to replace 10,000 vehicles with electric cars and a second tender even larger tender is expected in 2018. Indian auto manufacturer Tata was awarded the 2017 tender to supply 7,000 electric cars while Mahindra the remaining 3,000. On top of this, plans to completely replace all of the governmental cars in India with EVs is a giant step towards lowering fossil fuel usage and charging forward with electric vehicles in the country. Charging ports are being installed in many of India’s high-rise buildings, and taxes are being waived on the purchase of EVs in the private sector.

By the year 2025, it is expected that the cost of an electric vehicle will be comparable to the cost of a gasoline-powered vehicle in part thanks to a steady decline in the cost of the EV batteries and due to demand. India’s government has plans to produce lithium-ion batteries at Bharat Heavy Electricals, an engineering and manufacturing company located in Delhi, India.

To accomplish the 2030 goal, the government will need to make sure there is a heightened smart electrical grid with enough charging stations throughout the country to accommodate all the new electric vehicles expected to be on the roadways. Currently, there are around 100 charging stations in India, and with a lack of stations to charge, people are not able to travel long distance at this time. This means the government will need to undertake a massive amount of infrastructure in coming years to fulfill their goals. This is going to be a very difficult goal to reach as securing enough charging stations is going to be not only expensive to build, but the fact is that there are not many global battery supply companies at this time who can supply the stations in abundance and cost-effectively.

Plans are, however in development to make sure charging stations are going to be accessible. To help push this along, automakers including Toyota, Suzuki, and Nissan have begun to place bids to enter the Indian auto market with EVs suitable for the country to help boost production and fulfill the overall goals for sustainable EV production. Nissan, in particular, has been working to bring an affordable EV to the Indian market which would allow consumers to buy a new car for around USD 10,000. This is something that may seriously boost EV sales in India and be a win for all involved. Nissan’s global director has stated that this goal will need to work with the availability of batteries and charging stations in India.

Reaching the 2030 goal also has one other obstacle, and that is the civilian population of India. People like saving money and many cannot afford the higher cost of owning an electric vehicle. Even with government incentives for tax cuts, the overall success will come down to the affordability factor offered to the public to purchase and maintain an EV.

Keeping that in mind, the 2030 goal may not be entirely achievable within the timeframe set, but it is possible to come close as long as there is a focus on building infrastructure for charging stations, making EV ownership an affordable option for people and working with manufacturers to ensure batteries have power but also that the electric cars can compete with the demands of drivers today, and that will include cost as well as speed and overall vehicle design. People want cars that look good and drive fast, and if the EV manufacturers can offer those things on top of affordability and longer battery charges, then bringing India closer to a strictly electric vehicle country is a possibility in the future.

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GM to light up the Chinese EV market in 2018 with the Baojun E100

GM to light up the Chinese EV market in 2018 with the Baojun E100



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What is Baojun?

Baojun operates under the “General Motors SAIC-Wuling” joint venture in China. In recent years the company has built up a portfolio of mostly small sedans, multi-purpose vehicles, hatchbacks, and a crossover utility vehicle. But, with the rapid growth of the electric vehicles market in China, the brand recently undertook its first electric car, the Boajun E100.

The Baojun E100, a small two-seater car that boasts a 29-kilowatt (39-horsepower) electric motor. It can reach a top speed of 62 mph with a range 155 kilometers (96 miles) on a single charge, and it takes about 7.5 hours to fully recharge the lithium-ion battery pack. As always, the electric car recaptures energy while driving via its regenerative braking system.


The car is designed as a two-seater avant-garde with a simple dashboard. The 7-inch LCD information system has 4G/LTE, and WIFI capabilities and the E100 is equipped with parking sensors. The steering wheel has a two-color design, which is consistent with the rest of the interior of the car. There is no transmission shift lever, but instead, there is a knob-type mechanism. The E100 is also equipped with an electronic handbrake and keyless start.


What Makes the Baojun E100 different?

If you started searching for an electric car in June of 2017, Baojun would not have even made it onto your wish list, because it simply didn’t exist. But somehow the Baojun E100 was the 3rd highest selling EV in China for December of 2017. You may be wondering how Baojun managed to pull off this amazing feat. Well, the company started off by producing 200 initial units as “test versions” early in 2017, but they only sold their first batch of EVs in August 2017. Baojun sold 674 units in August followed by 1,562 in September, 1,715 in October, 1,915 in November and 5,545 in December for a total of 11,420 EVs in barely five months. The E100 finished 2017 as the 17th most sold EV in China, beating competitors such as the Haima EV160, Zotye Cloud, and Changan Benni Mini. To give you some perspective on how rapidly Baojun has entered the market: if they had started selling the E100 in January of 2017 at the rate which it is selling now, it would have beaten the Chery eQ to the second spot on the list. If one should make a forecast based on sales price the Baojun E100 could be in contention with the BAIC EC180 for the first spot to claim the Chinese “EV Crown.”

What is next for Baojun?


In the chart above there is a clear upward trend in the Chinese EV market, with the total number of EVs sold nearly tripling over the past three years. Although these increases can mainly be attributed to government incentives and an increased awareness of CO2 levels in China, one cannot deny the fact that Chinese citizens are moving away from traditional combustion engines and embracing the EV revolution. Baojun is perfectly positioned to become a market leader in the Chinese electric vehicle industry because it provides a reasonably cheap alternative for the rising Chinese middle class.


To sum it up in simple economic terms, China’s rapidly growing middle class is developing a massive demand for EVs, and there are a lot of companies looking to supply EVs to these consumers. The table above compares the price of small EVs in China, and unsurprisingly, the Baojun is cheapest EV on the market at the moment. This explains the EVs huge boost in popularity in December.

Taking all of this into consideration it seems that Baojun is positioned very well to build on their successes of 2017 and have the potential to reign supreme in 2018.


BAOJUN E100 EV specs 2017 Battery Chemistry Battery Capacity kWh 14.9 Battery Nominal rating kWh Voltage V Amps Ah Cells Modules Weight (kg) 160 Cell Type SOC Cooling Cycles Battery Type Depth of Discharge (DOD) Energy Density Wh/kg Battery Manufacturer Battery Warranty - years Battery Warranty - km Battery Warranty - miles Battery Electric Range - at constant 38mph Battery Electric Range - at constant 60km/h Battery Electric Range - NEDC Mi 97 Battery Electric Range - NEDC km 155 Battery Electric Range - CCM Mi Battery Electric Range - CCM km Battery Electric Range - EPA Mi Battery Electric Range - EPA km Electric Top Speed - mph 62.5 Electric Top Speed - km/h 100 Acceleration 0 - 100km/h sec Acceleration 0 - 50km/h sec Acceleration 0 - 62mph sec Acceleration 0 - 60mph sec Acceleration 0 - 37.2mph sec Wireless Charging Direct Current Fast Charge kW Charger Efficiency Onboard Charger kW Charging Cord - amps Charging Cord - volts LV 1 Charge kW LV 1 Charge Time (Hours) LV 2 Charge kW LV 2 Charge Time (Hours) 8 LV 3 CCS/Combo kW LV 3 Charge Time (min to 70%) LV 3 Charge Time (min to 80%) No LV 3 Charge Time (mi) LV 3 Charge Time (km) Charging System kW Charger Output Charge Connector Power Outlet kW Power Outlet Amps MPGe Combined - miles MPGe Combined - km MPGe City - miles MPGe City - km MPGe Highway - miles MPGe Highway - km Max Power - hp (Electric Max) 39 Max Power - kW (Electric Max) 29 Max Torque - lb.ft (Electric Max) Max Torque - N.m (Electric Max) 110 Drivetrain Generator Motor Type Electric Motor Output kW Electric Motor Output hp Transmission Electric Motor - Front FWD Max Power - hp FWD Max Power - kW FWD Max Torque - lb.ft FWD Max Torque - N.m Electric Motor - Rear RWD Max Power - hp RWD Max Power - kW RWD Max Torque - lb.ft RWD Max Torque - N.m Energy Consumption kWh/100km Energy Consumption kWh/100miles Deposit GB Battery Lease per month EU Battery Lease per month MSRP (expected) EU MSRP (before incentives & destination) GB MSRP (before incentives & destination) US MSRP (before incentives & destination) CHINA MSRP (before incentives & destination) ¥93,900.00 MSRP after incentives Vehicle Trims 2 Doors 3 Seating 2 Dimensions Luggage (L) GVWR (kg) 850 GVWR (lbs) Curb Weight (kg) 750 Curb Weight (lbs) Payload Capacity (kg) Payload Capacity (lbs) Towing Capacity (lbs) Max Load Height (m) Ground Clearance (inc) Ground Clearance (mm) Height (inc) 69.2 Height (mm) 1760 Lenght (inc) 97.9 Lenght (mm) 2488 Wheelbase (inc) 62.9 Wheelbase (mm) 1600 Width (inc) 59.2 Width (mm) 1506 Other Utility Factor Auto Show Unveil Market Segment Class Safety Level Unveiled Relaunch First Delivery Chassis designed Based On AKA Self-Driving System SAE Autonomous Level Connectivity Unique Extras Incentives Home Charge Installation Public Charging Subsidy Model Code LZW7000EVA

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Record sales puts BAIC in the top 3 EV producers of all time

Record sales puts BAIC in the top 3 EV producers of all time

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BAIC displaces Renault in the Top 3 EV producers

The Chinese automaker BAIC, with the help of its BAIC EC180 mini-car, shattered a couple of EV records this year. Not only is BAIC the top-selling EV brand for 2017 (pure electric EVs only), it also kicked Renault out of the 3rd position of pure electric vehicle producers in the modern EV era. BAIC’s EV strategy of focusing on pure electric vehicles instead of hybrids has paid off and is fast becoming the Top EV producer in China with a 98% year-on-year increase in sales.

BAIC became the first automaker to sell more than a 100,000 pure electric vehicles in a country, narrowly beating Tesla‘s total sales for 2017. BAIC has been the top-selling BEV brand in China for the past five years and is looking well placed to dethrone BYD on total EV sales in 2018.


The BAIC EC180, which was launched in December 2016, became the first EV model to sell more than 10,000 units a month in a single country during October 2017 and kept on doing so since then. BAIC delivered 77,355 units of the EC180 city car in 2017 with over 40,000 units being sold in Q4 2017 which is another record. BAIC’s EV sales are made through a dedicated sales network of 235 EV specific sales stores with another 65 to be rolled out shortly, making it the largest EV network in China. Read our report on the BAIC EC180 here.

The company announced in December 2017 that it would produce only pure electric vehicles from 2025 and only sell EVs in Beijing from 2020 onwards. BAIC is part-owned by Daimler who acquired a 12% shareholding in the Chinese Government owned auto manufacturer in 2013. BAIC has announced a further investment of 100 billion yuan (ca $15 billion) to support its new energy vehicle strategy. The company has been involved in the development of 46,000 public charging stations and 32,000 private charging points.

The company’s current success is based on eight years of innovation and development of its own EV technologies such as:

  • EDS – integrated powertrain,
  • PDU high voltage system for charging,
  • A high performance “Supermotor” electric motor.

BAIC won the 2017 China Automotive Industry Science and Technology Award, and its third generation EV technology meets the European EVDP2.0 standard which includes the international ETVS test standard and ETSM Safety Management System.

BAIC has international export aspiration and qualified for the TÜV Rheinland Certification, the Asian Quality Excellence Award and EU Export Certification allowing it entry into Asian and European markets. BAIC’s new EV brand, Arcfox, launched its first model recently, the lightweight Arcfox LITE previously known as the Arcfox 1. The personalizable Arcfox Lite, for which BAIC obtained an EU export certificate, with its innovative five-screen display is the first artificial intelligence pure electric car with its own social network.


While the record sales in 2017 can largely be attributed to one model, BAIC announced that it would launch five new models in 2018. The range will include the new BAIC EC+, BAIC EX, BAIC EU and BAIC ET SUV “Gemini” with a range of 400km. BAIC will also enter the delivery vehicle market with 407EV MPV.

BAIC is sure to boost the international EV market with its affordable range of mass-produced electric vehicles, providing necessary competition to shake traditional Western brands out of their slumber.

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Chinese electric cars spotted at the 2017 Guangzhou Auto Show

Chinese electric cars spotted at the 2017 Guangzhou Auto Show



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Chinese electric cars spotted at the 2017 Guangzhou Auto Show

The 15th Guangzhou Auto Show ran from the 17th of November to the 26th of November 2017 and provided an exciting glimpse what new and updated EV models the Chinese EV market can expect in 2018. Chinese auto manufacturers released around ten New Energy Vehicles into the Chinese market at the show including the long-awaited BAIC Arcfox Lite, previously known as the Arcfox 1. Imported brands were well represented with Tesla showcasing the Model’s X and S, BMW the i3, Daimler the Smart and EQ Concept, the Volvo XC60, Range Rover P400e, and Nissan the 2018 Leaf. Ford showcased the Changan Ford Mondeo Energi, based on the Ford Fusion Energi. Unfortunately, the Mondeo Energi does not qualify for the EV subsidy since its range is below the 50km threshold for plug-in vehicles.

The Inner Mongolian automaker, Hawtai, brought four new EVs to the show representing one of the most aggressive electric vehicle strategies at the event. SAIC introduced various new energy vehicles under its sub-brands including the listing of a hydrogen fuel cell version of the Maxus 80 LDV. The most exciting presentation from SAIC‘s stable was the eMG6 PHEV which is the first EV for the iconic MG brand. SAIC also brought its first electric wagon, the Roewe ei5 with a pure electric drivetrain to the show which will be released early in 2018. Great Wall‘s new brand WEY introduced the striking WEY P9 PHEV SUV with its Bentley like front grill. Appart from the Arcfox Lite BAIC also revealed its production-ready SUV, the ET400 which will be released shortly. Chery showcased the Tiggo 3xe compact SUV and the Exceed TX both which will be available to the market in 2018.

Some multi-purpose vehicles with electric drivetrains were introduced including the listing of the Foton Toano and the Dongfeng Lingzhi M5. Lessor known brand Kawei listed its pick-up truck the Kawei EV7 with a range of 350km (219 miles).

Some of the concept vehicles that caused a stir included WEY‘s XEV with a range of 530km and the iSPACE which is a collaboration between GAC and Tencent.

The list below provides a visual summary of some of the new energy vehicles at the 2017 Guangzhou Auto Show. We provide more detailed specifications of all the vehicles on the list on the wattEV2buy website.

EVs at Guangzhou Auto Show 2017

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See the VW I.D. Crozz at the LA Auto Show 2017

See the VW I.D. Crozz at the LA Auto Show 2017



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Today VW launched the I.D. Crozz Concept EV at the Los Angeles Auto Show. The German automaker aims to be the global leader in electric mobility with the release of 15 different VW EVs globally by 2025.

The I.D. Crozz is an all-electric compact SUV, first unveiled in April at the Shanghai Auto Show, sized similarly to the 2018 Tiguan in a four-door coupe shape, with the interior space of a mid-size SUV. According to President and CEO of Volkswagen Group of America, Hinrich J. Woebcken “The I.D. CROZZ-based electric vehicle will be an affordable and stylish electric SUV—and there is more to come!”. The I.D. Crozz will precede the VW I.D. Buzz which is expected in 2022.


I.D. Crozz Drivetrain

The 300 miles (480km) I.D.CROZZ is equipped with an  83-kWh lithium-ion battery and two electric motors, one on each axle. The 4MOTION enabled drivetrain provides a combined power of 302hp and uses the rear motor with 201hp as the primary driving force and the front motor with 101 horsepower automatically engage when needed for traction, or it can be switched on for off-road use or snowy conditions.

All Volkswagen I.D. vehicles I.D. CROZZ can recharge 80 percent of its energy in 30 minutes via a 150 kWh DC fast charger.


I.D. Crozz Style and Design

The I.D. Crozz engages with its occupants by greeting its driver and passengers with a 360-degree light show. When the electric doors are opened, the sensor fields pulsate.

The front doors of the I.D. Crozz open to an unusually wide 90 degrees. The rear doors open via a sliding action allowing the owner to carry a bicycle sideways behind the front seats. The rear seats offer legroom that’s comparable to a luxury car’s and fold up when needed for storage.

The interior of the I.D. CROZZ uses an “Open Space” design concept to create an airy, flexible cabin with lounge-like amenities, from the Alcantara-covered quilted seating surfaces to the motion-controlled virtual light shade—a feature of the panoramic glass roof that uses LED strips to illuminate the interior.

The I.D. CROZZ is controlled with the electrically adjustable and retractable multifunction steering wheel, an Active Info Display, an electronic rear-view mirror (e-Mirror), an augmented reality heads-up display and digital door panels. Features in the I.D. Crozz is operated by voice and gesture control, touch displays or capacitive button fields. The middle of the instrument panel features a 10.2-inch touch tablet that handles infotainment, HVAC, and communications functions.

With the help of “Smart Lights,” the driver gets visual cues in the form of interactive light signals in navigation and potentially hazardous situations. For example, if the vehicle detects a pedestrian on the right side of the car the Smart Light flashes a red signal from this direction.SEE THE VW I.D. CROZZ IN LA - DUE 2020 IN USA

VW Self-driving system

The I.D. Crozz concept features Volkswagens self-driving system, the I.D. Pilot, but vehicle owners will have to wait to experience the I.D.Pilot which will only be deployed from 2025. The voice-controlled I.D. Pilot uses four laser scanners that pop up from the roof, as well as ultrasonic and radar sensors, side area view cameras and a front camera. The ambient lighting in the I.D. CROZZ is light blue, while in automated I.D. Pilot mode the lighting switches to red.







We have designed some cool tools to compare electric vehicles. Our tools include a mobile app, charging cost calculator and EV selector. Use wattEV2Buy’s proprietary tools to find the ideal EV for your requirements and determine the cost of charging EVs.

Why the BAIC EC180 broke all monthly EV sales records

Why the BAIC EC180 broke all monthly EV sales records

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Why the BAIC EC180 broke all monthly EV sales records

Making EV history

In October 2017 we saw for the first time that an EV model sold more than 10,000 units in a single month. You would be surprised to know that it is not a Nissan Leaf, Chevrolet Bolt or a Tesla. The honor goes to the BAIC EC180 city car made in China. Not only did the BAIC EC180 achieve sales of 11,315 units in October it did so in one country. The only other EV model that came close to 10,000 units in a month was the Tesla Model S when combining its international sales data for September 2017. Interestingly enough the BAIC EC180 also sold close to 10,000 units in September 2017.

Small EVs gain popularity in China

The BAIC EC180 falls under the small car segment (A00) in China which have become the most popular segment in the last 12 months. Already more than ten brands provide at least one model for the A00 segment with many others planning to produce small city cars. The small car segment contributed only around 15% of all EV sales in China in 2016 now contributes around 50% of all EV sold. The BAIC EC180 made up close to 40% of all the A00 segment sales or about 17% of all EV sales in China in October 2017.

EC180-as-percentage-of-china-ev-sales BAIC-EC180-SALES-DATA

What makes the BAIC EC180 so special?

When comparing the BAIC EC180 with other electric city cars available in China, it’s not the cheapest. In fact, the manufacturer’s guide price is more expensive than a Smart Electric Drive which has a better safety rating. However, the final sales price for the BAIC EC180 can get as low as $7,500 (¥49,800) depending on state, city and manufacturers subsidies.


One of the attributes that are in the BAIC EC180’s favor is its range. The BAIC EC180 squeezes a range of 180km (112 miles) out of its 20kWh battery where most of its similarly priced peers can only muster a range of 150km (94 miles). Some of the higher priced competitors such as the Kandi K17 and Zotye E200 can only reach 165 km (103 miles) at most. The only real competitor on range is the Chery eQ, which sold more than the EC180 in June 2017.


The Zhidou D2 is the only real competitor to the BAIC EC180

The second most popular car in China is the Zhidou D2, previously the Geely Zhidou D2. Although smaller the Zhidou D2 is priced the same as the EC180. The Zhidou D2 is one of the first city EVs in China and has received its third facelift recently, with improvements to its interior and internet capabilities. The Zidou D2 which has experienced some spontaneous combustion incidents in recent times have not received any improvements to its safety and powertrain. The competition between the two city cars is confirmed by search statistics on wattEV2buy showing that the most popular searches for Chinese EVs internationally is for the BAIC EC180 followed by the Zhidou D2.


No sacrifice on quality for the BAIC EC180

The BAIC EC180 electric motor, battery and battery control system is identical to those used by BAIC in the EV \ EX \ EU \ EH \ ET series. When creating the BAIC EC180 city car, the company with over 136,000 EVs sold to date did not sacrifice on quality and design. The attention to quality is one of the main contributors to the little car’s popularity, giving it excellent brand recognition resulting in record sales. The only cost-saving on the BAIC EC180 is the omission of a fast charging system, but charging overnight will provide you with more than enough range required for city driving.

Judging from the international interest one wish that BAIC would start exporting the BAIC EC180, it will be a great boon for EV adoption on a global scale.


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Tesla sales expected to increase in China

Tesla sales expected to increase in China



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China, which accounts for nearly 40% of the global EV market, has always been one of the Tesla’s (TSLA) target markets. Tesla entered the Chinese market in 2014, early in its global expansion phase. The strategy has paid dividends and China currently is US automaker’s biggest market outside of the USA. To date, Tesla has sold around 250,000 of the Model S and Model X worldwide of which over 10% was sold in China. Tesla now accounts for nearly 3% of all EVs on Chinese roads, by far the most of any foreign-owned automaker in the electric vehicle sector.


The Chinese Government has always been very protective of its auto sector enforcing a strict 50/50 ownership policy on foreigners wanting to manufacture locally. Although Tesla is currently in negotiations to establish vehicle and battery manufacturing in Shanghai’s free trade zone, it will have to continue importing vehicles into China for at least another five years, exposing its operations to import tariffs. With China’s aggressive promotion of electric cars, Tesla will remain on the back foot to competitors with local production as Tesla models carry a 25% import tariff. Up to now, Tesla has been able to double its sales since 2015. Sales for 2017 are on track to double again despite a reduction in EV subsidies announced in January by the Chinese Government.


At some point, however, the high-end market will become crowded with local products, which will be at least 25% cheaper than that of Tesla’s imported vehicles. The introduction of the Model 3 will open a new segment for Tesla, but with delays in production, we can only see Tesla distributing the Model 3 in the Chinese market by 2019 at which point many other foreign makers will locally produce EVs. Various foreign auto brands have announced their intentions to produce a range of EVs exclusively for the Chinese market, including Tesla’s major competitors GM and the Nissan PSA Alliance.

Trade agreements announced during President Donald Trump’s recent visit to Beijing will, however, give Tesla’s sales some support. The Chinese Vice Finance Minister, Zhu Guangyao, announced on Friday the 10th of November 2017 that the country will gradually lower tariffs on imported vehicles. Minister Zhu went further announcing that the ownership restrictions on foreign manufacturers will be lifted very soon, allowing foreign auto brands to establish 100% owned plants in any one of the country’s eleven free trade zones. The minister did not give any timeframe on the easing of import duties though.

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The nature of electric vehicles is much closer related to its energy source than that of combustion vehicles. Historically auto companies, as a rule, stayed out of the production of their fuel source. Since the introduction of the Power Wall and acquisition of Solar City analysts refer to Tesla as an energy company, rather than an automotive company. Now Renault wants to mimic Tesla‘s business model through the creation of a new subsidiary, Renault Energy Services, which is to specialize in energy, smart grids, and electric mobility.

Renault sees the energy and smart grid sectors as fundamental to the expansion of electromobility. The new subsidiary will focus primarily on the development of smart charging, V2G (vehicle to grid) interaction and second-life batteries by collaborating with theRenault-energy-service-ecosystem energy sector or investing in smart-grid related projects.

Gilles Normand, SVP, of Electric Vehicles at Renault said – “The creation of Renault Energy Services marks an important step forward. Investing in smart grids is key to both reinforcing the lead we enjoy in the European electric vehicle market and accelerating the EV industry’s scale-up.”

Renault sees the benefit flowing to its EV customers as Renault electric vehicles connected to smart grids will be able to pay less electricity through optimized charging.

Although it’s not a new phenomenon for auto companies to invest in energy networks for charging, the commitments were more a necessity enforced by regulation and customers than a profitable venture. Renaults move to focus on smart grids through a subsidiary would be one of the first to focus on new business profits from energy. It will by no means be the last where we see auto companies and energy providers play in the same sandbox.

The EV snowball is getting bigger by the day.

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Comparing China’s popular pure electric SUVs – BYD Song vs Roewe eRX5

Comparing China’s popular pure electric SUVs – BYD Song vs Roewe eRX5

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Comparing China’s popular pure electric SUVs – BYD Song vs Roewe eRX5

This year saw the launch of two much-anticipated pure electric versions of popular SUVs of 2016, the BYD Song EV300 and SAIC Roewe eRX5 EV400. Interest pre-launch was very high with the SAIAC Roewe eRX5 receiving 3,000 pre-orders in just 4 days.The mini-car segment has thus ben the best performer in the Chinese electric vehicle sector, but since the launch of

The mini-car segment has thus ben the best performer in the Chinese electric vehicle sector, but since the launch of these two models, the SUV segment has been the second best-performing segment. Since the launch of the BYD Song in May 2017 followed by the Roewe eRX5 a month later nearly 6,000 units have been sold, with the SAIC Roewe eRX5 holding the record for most sales in a month thus far.



Though the MSRP before incentives favors the BYD Song, the subsidized price of the vehicles is relatively the same, with the Roewe eRX 5 marginally lower. The lower price for the Roewe eRX5 is due to it benefiting from an extra 10% subsidy since its battery energy density is higher than 120Wh/kg. The eRX5 subsidy is therefore 72,600 yuan to total a sales price of 198,800 yuan, and the Song receives a 66,000 yuan subsidy, ultimately costing 199,900 yuan.


Charging: Left- SAIC Roewe eRX5 Right – BYD Song EV300


The reason why the Roewe eRX5 has a better energy density is that it uses a Ternary Lithium battery, generating weight savings and resulting in longer mileage. The BYD Song on the other hand still uses a lithium iron phosphate battery which is heavier and packs less energy. We expect this to change in the near future as BYD has started using Ternary Lithium batteries in its plug-in hybrid models.


The Roewe eRX5 pure electric version is equipped with a 7kW AC charger and higher power DC fast charger than the BYD Song EV300. The SAIC Roewe eRX5 charges on Level 2 in only 7 hours, compared to 10 of the BYD Song and fast charge to 80% full in 40 minutes whereas the Song takes over an hour.


The BYD Song EV300’s styling, which is the same as the 2016 ICE and PHEV model is still very much according to the traditional BYD look and has not yet benefited from the recent appointment of Audi’s former head of design, Wolfgang Egger. The SAIC Roewe eRX5 styling, on the other hand, has a more western influence resulting in a stylish feeling and modern sense of technology due to its full LCD instrument panel (12.3 inch) and a 10-inch multimedia display.


BYD has a basic configuration, focused on practicality first. The BYD Song EV300 offers a multi-function steering wheel, leather seats, automatic air conditioning, color control of its multimedia screen, panoramic sunroof and much more, giving the owner real value for his money. The Song EV300 instrument panel fully embodies the characteristics of practical first. Although the interface is relatively simple, the functionality is reasonable and information rich. In addition, the Song EV300 has optional seat heating, which is not available in the eRX5.

The BYD Song EV300 still uses a traditional shift lever for driving mode selection, one of the few new EVs to still do so. The shifter selects between two driving models, energy saving and sports two driving modes. Energy recovery intensity can also be set. In addition, the Song EV300 also equipped with BYD’s unique mobile power plant technology, providing external power 220V AC for your outdoor equipment.

Although the eRX5 is seen as the more technologically advanced of the two vehicles the Song does not completely fall behind with 360 ° panoramic image, PM2.5 green net system, a Carpad multimedia system, TPMS tire pressure monitoring system and a BOS brake priority system.

The SAIC Roewe eRX5 benefits from ALIBABA and SAIC co-operating in 2016 to develop the first internet car, providing software and Internet functions such as Ali cloud and the Zebra Zhixingc internet-connection system. In addition, Roewe ERX5 is also equipped with dynamic energy management, remote control, battery doctors and other technical solutions. The 12.3 inch full LCD dashboard display is also remarkable. Unlike the BYD Song, the Roewe eRX5 uses driving control keys, concentrated near the gears. The MODE button is used to adjust the driving mode and the KERS button is used to adjust the energy recovery strength. The BATTERY button is inherited from the plugged-in version of the eRX5 but does not work on the pure eRX5. There are three driving modes, namely, standard, sports, energy saving. After switching the driving mode, the theme color of the dashboard changes. Although the Roewe eRX5 is not 4WD it is equipped with active anti-roll, steep slope slow down, ramp support and other functions. The Roewe eRX5’s central armrest incorporates an air purifier.



Interior and Controls: Left- SAIC Roewe eRX5 Right – BYD Song EV300



The Roewe eRX5 is equipped with 235/50 R18 Michelin Primacy 3 ST Hao Yue tires and the BYD Song EV300 with 235/50 R19 Goodyear SUV series tires.


The eRX5 EV400 and its ICE and PHEV version has the same boot space and is not influenced by the battery pack. The Song EV300 luggage compartment floor is elevated by 4cm from its ICE version. The Rowe eRX5 has a front compartment of 60L, just enough for two backpacks under the engine cover.


In terms of power, the Roewe eRX5 falls short to the BYD Song, delivering only a maximum power of 85kW (116Ps) and maximum torque of 255Nm from its permanent magnet synchronous motor. The Song EV300 delivers 160kW (218Ps) and maximum torque of 310Nm from its permanent magnet synchronous motor.


Both vehicles have pro’s and con’s but since they are evenly priced the SAIC Roewe eRX5 with its longer range and technology trumps the BYD Song’s extras in my opinion. BYD might be the undisputed leader in Chinese electric vehicle market for the moment but the entry of models such as the SAIC Roewe eRX5 will challenge BYDs position in the future

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The Renault Nissan Alliance and Dongfeng Motor Group forged a partnership to co-develop electric vehicles in China according to a press release by Nissan. The new JV company is called eGT New Energy Automotive Co and will focus on the core competencies of each to produce EVs for the Chinese market. The first vehicle by eGT will be an A-segment SUV based on the Renault Nissan platform and is expected in 2019. The vehicle will be an intelligent and interconnected EV, which is the new rage in China. Alibaba and SAIC released the first successful mass-market interconnected car last year, the Roewe eRX5 SUV. Since then various other companies and start-ups, such as XPENG, announced strategies to focus purely on interconnected vehicles.

“This project is the result of a joint effort to develop electric vehicles for the Chinese market, by the ‘Golden Triangle’ formed by Dongfeng, Renault, and Nissan, with an innovative business model,” said Zhu Yanfeng, Chairman of Dongfeng. “We expect to meet the transformation trend of the market in China; where cars are becoming light, electric, intelligent, interconnected and shared. This is also testimony of a deepened and strengthened strategic cooperation between the three parties.”

The new venture is owned 25% each by Renault and Nissan while Dongfeng will hold the remaining 50%. eGT will be headquartered in the City of Shiyan, Hubei Province and assembly of the EV will be done at the 120,000 capacity Dongfeng plant in Shiyan.

Renault-Nissan Alliance and Dongfeng Motor Group Co., Ltd. EV JV


The featured image does not represent the new EV but is that of the 2018 Nissan Pathfinder.

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The Swedish Electric Vehicle Market Sweden EV Sales for H1 2017

The Swedish Electric Vehicle Market Sweden EV Sales for H1 2017

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wattev2buy china electric car


Sweden EV Sales H1 2017, a summary

We look at the Top brands and models, the gainers and losers and how the battle between battery electric (BEV) and plug-in hybrid (PHEV) technologies play out in the summary of Sweden EV Sales H1 2017.

The highlights for Swedish electric car sales in H1 2017 was:

  • Swedish EV Sales grew by 35.2% Year-on-Year or by more than 2,100 units over the same period in 2016;
  • The Swedish EV sales got off to a great start in January setting the tone for the year. However, the following months saw the trend flattening off, albeit at slightly higher levels than 2016.
  • Plug-in hybrid vehicles seem to dominate the Sweden EV market, commanding over 70% of total EV registrations in Sweden during the first half of 2017.
  • Ten new models, most of them PHEVs, were available to consumers in this semester compared to the same period in 2016;
  • Volvo, the Swedish automaker was the worst performing brand in its home market, losing 25% of its sales compared to 2016, falling out of the list of Top 3 EV brands in Sweden.

The Swedish Electric Vehicle Market Sweden EV Sales for H1 2017


The Top Electric Vehicle Brands for 2017 H1 in Sweden

The Top 3 EV brands in Sweden for H1 2017 were VW, new entrant Mitsubishi and BMW. Most EV brands except Volvo and Peugeot showed gains in units sales compared to H1 2016. Hyundai entered the Swedish market with its Hyundai Ioniq BEV. Initial sales for the Ioniq was below average in a market which has a preference for plug-in hybrid electric vehicles. Toyota re-entered the market with the new Prius but failed to get the same traction as it did in other markets. Tesla and Mitsubishi nearly doubled their sales from 2016. Sweden is on of the few markets where Mitsubishi showed positive growth with the aging Mitsubishi Outlander PHEV in 2017 and now makes up 23.24% of all EV registrations in Sweden. BMW maintained its third overall position with the support of its 330e, 225xe, and X5 xDrive models, more than compensating for waning sales in the BMW i3 model series. VW held on to the top spot, mostly due to the VW Passat GTE which accounted for 25% of all EV sales in Sweden during H1 2017.

The Swedish Electric Vehicle Market Sweden EV Sales for H1 2017


The Top Electric Vehicle Models for 2017 H1 in Sweden

Ten new EV models entered the Swedish EV market in the comparison between H1 2016 and H1 2017. Of the ten new EV models, eight were plug-in hybrids, and only the Tesla Model X made it on to the Top 10 list. Volvo launched two new plug-in models at the end of May in its home market, the Volvo XC60 T8 and Volvo S90 T8 PHEV. The XC60 sold 44 units and the larger S90 31 units. The Nissan Leaf still performed well considering the upgrade is expected early 2018. Most of the Mercedes-Benz models fared well except for its larger S550 and GLE550 models. The Daimler company could however not compete with its compatriot, BMW, who had more models in the smaller end of the scale. The BMW 330e, BMW i3, and BMW 225xe Active Tourer sold 813 units while the Mercedes-Benz B250e and Mercedes-Benz C350e could only muster a combined 130 units. The Tesla Model S still performed well in Sweden as opposed to the general trend where we see the sales flattening out in its main markets.

The Swedish Electric Vehicle Market Sweden EV Sales for H1 2017


Summary of EV sales in Sweden for 2017 H1, the losers

Volvo was the big loser in Sweden during the first half of 2017 despite having a home ground advantage and bringing two new models to market, albeit only in late May. Volvo’s two mainstay plug-in electric cars, the Volvo XC90 T8 and Volvo V60 PHEV, lost nearly a third of their respective sales to brands such as VW, BMW, and Mercedes-Benz.

The Swedish Electric Vehicle Market Sweden EV Sales for H1 2017


The battle between BEV and PHEV models in Sweden

Sweden has a definite preference for plug-in hybrid electric vehicles. Of the ten new models released since the first half of 2016 in Sweden, eight were PHEVs. A total of 5,850 plug-in hybrid vehicles were sold, comprising 72% of the market while only 2,301 pure electric models were sold during the same period. The percentage breakdown of PHEV to BEV in H1 2017 is very similar to that of H1 2016, explaining why most new models released in Sweden were PHEVs despite a halving of the rebate on plug-in hybrids.

The Swedish Electric Vehicle Market Sweden EV Sales for H1 2017

In conclusion, even at a 3.4% of the national fleet (Q4 2016), electric vehicle sales in Sweden remains low compared to its neighbor Norway, which has an EV penetration of close to 30% (Q4 2016). The sluggish performance is linked to the Swedish EV incentive program which has been erratic, linked to a fixed amount of funding which has been depleted a couple of times. Also, the Swedish EV buyer does not get his/her rebate at the point of sale. The Swedish Transport Agency contacts owners after the purchase of the vehicle requesting the completion of a paper process after which they receive the rebate. The rebate of 40,000 kroner (~ $4,500) applied to BEVs and PHEVs up to October 2016 at which time it was halved for PHEVs.

Detailed breakdown of all electric vehicles sold in Sweden for the first half of 2017

The Swedish Electric Vehicle Market Sweden EV Sales for H1 2017

Base data supplied by EV Sales, all calculations, and data representations by wattEV2Buy.

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The Chinese New Energy Vehicle market China EV Sales for H1 2017

The Chinese New Energy Vehicle market China EV Sales for H1 2017



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China EV Sales H1 2017, a summary

We look at the Top brands and models, the gainers and losers and how the battle between battery electric (BEV) and plug-in hybrid (PHEV) technologies play out in the summary of China EV Sales H1 2017.

The highlights for Chinese electric car sales in H1 2017 was:

  • Chinese EV Sales grew by 38.3% Year-on-Year or by more than 44,000 units over the same period in 2016;
  • The H1 2017 semester got off to a bad start with one of the worst months in the last three years but recovered with the months of May and June registering the third and fourth best sales ever.
  • More than four pure electric vehicles were sold for every plug-in hybrid in a market where there are 44 BEV models available to the consumer and only fifteen PHEVs;
  • Twenty new models, most of them BEV’s, were available to consumers in this semester compared to the same period in 2016;
  • The Top 2 EV Brands in the China remained the same but one of last year’s top performers, JAC, spectacularly fell out of the Top 3.

The Chinese New Energy Vehicle market: China EV Sales for H1 2017

The Top Electric Vehicle Brands for 2017 H1 in China


The Top 3 EV brands in China for the first half of 2017 were BYD, BAIC, and Zhidou. Although BYD hung on to its first place, it sees its lead evaporate. BYD hardly registered any sales in the January 2017, and lost sales in its top performing Qin and Tang model ranges to competing new models from BAIC, Chery, and SAIC Roewe. BYD, one of the largest EV brands in the world, is seeing its position as China’s best performing EV brand challenged as it lost over 20% of its sales compared to 2016, while its competitor BAIC more doubled its sales. BAIC benefited from exciting new models entering the market in the last 12 months, with its small hatch, the BAIC EC180 being a top performer for three of the six months ending up the second best selling EV for the semester. Smaller EVs, or City cars, have also performed very well with the popular Zhidou Geely D2 selling nearly 20,000 units. Another brand with small EV models, Zotye, was placed fourth due to the popularity of its Cloud 100, E200 and E30 models. Other Top 10 Chinese EV brands selling city cars included Chery and JMC, both placed in the Top 10. Although JAC brought the exciting JAC iEV6S small SUV to market it was not enough to withstand the onslaught of its peers, crashing out of the Top 3 to the eight position. Tesla also entered the Top 10 list with the Model X performing very well (please note the June 2017 Tesla data did not make it in time for our analysis, which would have aided the brand’s performance). Western brands such as Volvo, BMW through its local partner BMW Brilliance, Daimler and GM mostly gave up market share to Chinese-produced vehicles.

The Chinese New Energy Vehicle market: China EV Sales for H1 2017


The Top Electric Vehicle Models for 2017 H1 in China

Twenty new EV models entered the Chinese EV market in the first half of 2017 but only three, the BAIC EC180, SAIC Roewe eRX5 and BYD Song DM, made it to the Top 10 list of electric vehicles in China. None of last years Top 5 could hang on to their positions with two of the new models, the BAIC EC180 and SAIC Roewe eRX5, entering the market with Top 5 positions within three months from being launched. Last year’s Top 3 EVs, the BYD Tang, BAIC E200, and BYD Qin all crashed out, with the BYD Tang the only model able to hold on to a Top 10 position. Plug-in Hybrid vehicles could only muster three positions in the Top 20 as small city EVs made up more than half of the units sold in 2017 to date. The popular SUV class accounted for 26% of the units sold in the Top 20 list of EVs in China while plug-in hybrids only accounted for 16% of all the EVs sold. New electric vehicle models made up 31% of all the EVs sold during the period under review.

The Chinese New Energy Vehicle market: China EV Sales for H1 2017


Electric Vehicle Models for 2017 H1 in China, the losers

BYD’s ailing fortunes are clear in the list of losers for the first half of 2017 but another popular EV brand from 2016, Kandi, saw diminishing sales as its Kandi K17 Cyclone could not compete with the host of new small city cars entering the Chinese EV market. Clear again is the composition of plug-in hybrids and foreign brands in the list of the worst performing electric cars.

The Chinese New Energy Vehicle market: China EV Sales for H1 2017


The battle between BEV and PHEV models in China

Plug-in hybrid models are losing the battle in China, strange though that 35% of the new models launched in the last 12 months are PHEVs. In the comparable period in 2016 plug-in electric vehicles made up 33% of all the units sold while the vehicle type only contributed to 16% of all sales in 2017.

The Chinese New Energy Vehicle market: China EV Sales for H1 2017

A detailed breakdown of all electric vehicles sold in China for the first half of 2017